January 5, 2013

Carbohydrate

roles
energy fuel
organic compound
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide

monosaccharide

glucose
fructose
galactose


disaccharide

maltose
sucrose
lactose

plyscharide

starch
chitin
glycogen

glycemic index - measure effect of carbohydrate in blood sugar level

low gi - 55 below
fruit
grain
milk product

medium gi 56-69
basmati rice
sweet potato
whole wheat product

high gi
baked potato
corn flake
white bread

glycolysis
1 glucose into 2 pyruvate
2 NADH
2 atp

citric acid cycle
COa release
2 CO2 release
3 NADH produce
1 FADH produce

ETC
ATP synthesis
using O2

ETC complex

c1- NADH dehydorgenase
c2- succinate dehydrogenase
c3 - cythocrome bc1
c4 -cythocrhome c oxidase

glucogenesis
glycogen synthesis
during rest period
glycogen to storage
insulin

glugenolysis
generate glucose from non carbo carbon sustrate
at luver and kidney cortex
associate ketosis

Lactate threshold
known as anaerobic threshold
90-95% maximum heart rate
interval training or fartlek

Carbo loading
known glycogen super compensation tehcnique
max glycogen store in muscle
aplly 2 athlete at 60-9-min
1 week b4 competition
add wter store

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